The OvaTel Science

Science is the foundation of our OvaTel fertility monitor. Many don’t realize what a ferning microscope can tell them about their hormones. The OvaTel fertility scope measures the amount of estrogen in a woman’s body as she progresses through her cycle each month.

Follicles and Estrogen Production

At the beginning of menstruation each month, when a woman’s lining is shedding, her body begins the campaign of egg production. Many follicles begin to grow on both ovaries. As these follicles grow during the beginning of her cycle they begin to produce estrogen. The estrogen makes the follicles grow larger and produce high and higher amounts.

While only one to two eggs will actually mature each cycle, many eggs begin the process. This means that there is plenty of estrogen coursing through the blood stream. While there is always estrogen in the body of a woman all month long, it will peak approximately 2 to 3 days prior to ovulation. This peak time is critical for women trying to conceive. It is the intercourse that occurs the few days leading up to ovulation that will beget fertilization.

Estrogen in saliva is in an ionized form. When it dries, it forms crystals. The OvaTel monitor measures fertility by using these estrogen salts. Saliva is placed on the lens of the microscope and as it dries the salts crystallize to form a pattern. The pattern when peak levels of estrogen are present appears like the leaves of a fern, hence the term ferning.

How much estrogen that is made, will depend on how many follicles are present at the beginning of the cycle, called antral follicle count. The antral follicle count also measures a woman’s ovarian reserve. The more follicles that are present at the beginning of the cycle, the better chance that one will mature and be capable of fertilization.

How Can OvaTel Use Science To Diagnose?

OvaTel may not be able to give quantitative estrogen amounts, it can give qualitative. The presence of estrogen in a woman’s body will cause the scope results to show some type of ferning. Lower levels will show very little, rising levels will show partial ferning, and peak estrogen levels will show full ferning patterns when read.

If your client is not making enough estrogen, she will not see ferning during her cycle at all. There could be many reasons that she is not producing enough estrogen –

If you have a client that isn’t seeing ferning at all during her cycle, you should prompt her to make an appointment as soon as possible. Diagnostic tests performed on cycles days 3 or 4 of her next cycle will give answers as to why this could be occurring.

Some women experience constant estrogen at peak levels throughout their cycle or at random inconsistent times. This too is an indicator that the estrogen levels are not normal and something is wrong. When estrogen is inconsistent is too high all cycle long or inconsistent, many issues could be the cause including –

When a woman uses OvaTel, she is able to see if her estrogen appears normal. If it does not, she can bring in her MyCycleDiary with her ferning patterns (or lack thereof) for you to view. If they appear to be abnormal, you can then run diagnostic testing to find and treat the cause as quickly as possible.

Peak Estrogen Twice in One Cycle

There can be times when estrogen can peak and cause ferning twice in one cycle, and it is considered normal. The first peak reading would occur prior to ovulation. A woman would see ferning from 24-48 hours prior to releasing the ovum. Once ovulation has occurred, the ferning pattern would disappear due to dropping estrogen levels – no follicles to release high levels. Progesterone begins to dominate the cycle.

Approximately 6 days after ovulation has occurred, if the egg was fertilized it will enter the uterus. Once the developing embryo has begun to implant, hCG is released. This triggers the ovary to produce progesterone and estrogen. The new increase in estrogen can be detected with OvaTel. If your patients detect this second surge of estrogen, they then can be advised to use a home pregnancy urine test.